Seaford Head Local Nature Reserve
Chyngton Lane, Seaford, East Sussex, BN25 4JQ, England, UK.
W: Seaford Head Local Nature Reserve website 
View of the Seven Sisters from Seaford Head Nature Reserve © Tom Lee cc
View of the Seven Sisters from Seaford Head Local Nature Reserve © MTM MVP VizitIt.com arr

Magpie

Pica pica

Family: Corvidae (Crows)

Habitat: Gardens and parks and grasslands.

Size: L 41-51 cm (16-20 in) inc. T 20-30cm (8-12 in). WS 56-61 cm (22-24 in).

Food: Omnivore.

Voice: Cha-cha-cha.

Season: All year round.

The Eurasian magpie is among the most intelligent of all animals.

Magpie (Pica pica) © MTM arr

Kestrel

Falco tinnunculus

Family: Falconidae (Falcons and allies)

Habitat: Farmland, woodland, grassland and heathland.

Size: Length 32-39 cm (13-15 in). Wingspan 65-82 cm (26-32 in).

Food: Small mammals and birds.

Voice: Piercing Kee-kee-kee.

Season: All year round.

IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

Kestrels hover at a height of about 10-20 metres either by flying into the wind or by soaring using ridge lift before swooping down on their prey.

Common Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) © Andreas Trepte cc

Peregrine

Falco peregrinus

Family: Falconidae (Falcons and allies)

Habitat: Marsh, sea cliffs and purple moor grass and rush pasture.

Size: Length 34-58 cm (13-23 in). Wingspan 74-120 cm (29-47 in).

Food: Small and medium sized birds.

Voice: Harsh reck-reck-reck.

Season: All year round.

Hunts at dawn and dusk, swooping down on birds in flight at great speed usually knocking them out with the impact.

Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus) © Mike Baird cc

Kittiwake

Rissa tridactyla

Family: Laridae (Gulls)

Habitat: Sea cliffs.

Size: Length 37-41 cm (15-16 in). Wingspan 91-105 cm (36-41 in).

Food: Fish, shrimps and worms.

Voice: Kittii-wa-aake, kittii-wa-aake.

Season: All year round. Resident February until August.

IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

The kittiwake (Black-legged) nests on coastal cliffs in large, dense and noisy colonies.

Kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla) © Mmo iwdg cc

Hobby

Falco subbuteo

Family: Falconidae (Falcons and allies)

Habitat: Savanna, farmland, heathlands, marsh and wetlands and freshwaters.

Size: Length 29-36 cm (11-14 in). Wingspan 74-84 cm (29-33 in). Weight. 175-285 g (6.2-10.1 oz)

Food: Insects, small birds and bats.

Season: Early April to late October.

IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

Hobbies nest in old nests of crows and other birds.

Hobby (Falco subbuteo) © Ron Knight cc

Raven

Corvus corax

Family: Corvidae (Crows)

Habitat: Coastal, grasslands and woodland.

Size: Length 63 cm (25 in).

Food: Omnivorous - carrion, cereal grains, berries and fruit.

Season: All year round.

IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

Mated pairs travel together and young birds form flocks.

Raven (Corvus corax) © Molly258 cc

Whitethroat

Sylvia communis

Family: Sylviidae (Warblers and allies)

Habitat: Heathlands and woodland.

Food: Insects, berries and fruit.

Voice: Wed-wed or woid-woid. Harsh tschack.

Season: Early April to late October.

IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern

Winters in tropical Africa, Arabia, and Pakistan.

Whitethroat (Sylvia communis) ♂ © Ron Knight cc

Fulmar

Fulmarus glacialis

Family: Procellariidae (Shearwaters and allies)

Habitat: Sea cliffs.

Size: Length 46 cm (18 in). Wingspan 102-112 cm (40-44 in).

Food: Shrimp, fish, squid, plankton, jellyfish, carrion and crustaceans.

Season: All year round.

IUCN Conservation Status: Least Concern


Fulmar (Fulmarus glacialis) © Ron Knight cc

Small Blue

Cupido minimus

Family: Lycaenidae (Blue)

Habitat: Woodland, sea cliffs and lowland calcareous grassland.

Size: 12 mm.

Food: Kidney vetch (Anthyllis vulneraria).

Flight: Early April to late September.

The male has some bluish suffusion at the base of its upper wings but is mostly dark brown like the female.

Small Blue (Cupido minimus) © Gilles San Martin cc

Green Hairstreak

Callophrys rubi

Family: Lycaenidae (Blue)

Habitat: Grasslands, heathlands and scrub.

Size: Length 15 mm (0.6 in).

Food: Many shrubs and herbs also gorse, broom, heather, bilberry, rock-rose and others.

Flight: Early June to late September. June till September.

The upper side is brown but can never be seen at rest as it always closes its wings.

In flight the green and brown flashing of the wings camouflages it well.

Green Hairstreak (Callophrys rubi) © Hectonicus cc

Marbled White

Melanargia galathea

Family: Nymphalidae (Brush-footed)

Habitat: Grasslands, woodland and arable field margins.

Size: Length 22-28 mm (0.9-1.1 in).

Food: Grasses (larva). Thistles, Knapweeds, Clovers, Marjoram, Thyme and Yarrow (adult).

Flight: Early June to late August.

Winter is passed as a small lime-green caterpillar.

Marbled White (Melanargia galathea) ♂ © jacinta lluch valero cc

Ringlet

Aphantopus hyperantus

Family: Nymphalidae (Brush-footed)

Habitat: Meadows, hedgerows, mixed scrub and woodland clearings and edges.

Size: Length 19 mm (0.7 in)

Food: Various grasses.

Flight: Early June to late August.

Named after the rings on the hindwings, the ringlet is one of the few that flies on overcast days.

Ringlet (Aphantopus hyperantus) © Böhringer Friedrich cc

Clouded Yellow

Colias croceus

Family: Pieridae (Yellows-and-Whites)

Habitat: Grasslands, meadows and sea cliffs.

Size: Length 24 mm (0.9 in)

Food: Clovers, lucerne (alfalfa), vetches et al.

Flight: Early April to late October. April to October.

Fast-flying butterfly that winters as a caterpillar.

Clouded Yellow (Colias croceus) ♂ © Thomas Bresson cc

Common Blue

Polyommatus icarus

Family: Lycaenidae (Blue)

Habitat: Farmland, gardens and parks, grassland, heathland, meadows and orchards.

Size: Length 17 mm (0.7 in). Wingspan 29-36 mm (1.1-1.4 in).

Food: Common bird's-foot-trefoil (Lotus corniculatus) and other legumes.

Flight: Early April to late October.

Females are dark brown with bright orange spots near the wing tips. Both male and female have black and white borders.

Common Blue ♂ (Polyommatus icarus) © MTM MVP VizitIt.com arr

Dingy Skipper

Erynnis tages

Family: Hesperiidae (skipper)

Habitat: Grasslands, heathlands, sand dunes, scrub, lowland calcareous grassland and woodland clearings and edges.

Size: Wingspan 27-34 mm (1.1-1.3 in).

Food: Bird's-foot trefoil, horseshoe vetch and greater bird's-foot trefoil.

Flight: Early April to late August. Swift and low.

The caterpillar creates a shelter by spinning leaves together and feeds until fully grown in August. It then creates a larger hibernaculum where it hibernates.

Dingy Skipper (Erynnis tages) © Chris Parker cc

Silver-spotted Skipper

Hesperia comma

Family: Hesperiidae (skipper)

Habitat: Lowland calcareous grassland.

Food: Sheep's-fescue (larva). Thistles (adult).

Flight: Early July to late September.

Named after thesilver spots on the underside of its forewing. The male is distinguished from the female by a dark line of specialised scent scales on its forewings.

Silver-spotted Skipper (Hesperia comma) © Gilles San Martin cc

Dark Green Fritillary

Argynnis aglaja

Family: Nymphalidae (Brush-footed)

Habitat: Grasslands, heathlands, woodland and sand dunes.

Size: Length 30 mm (1.2 in).

Food: Violets (viola).

Flight: Early June to late August.

The underside of the hindwing and underside tip of the forewing are greenish.

A fast flying butterfly.

Dark Green Fritillary ♂ (Argynnis aglaja) © Banco de imágenes del CNICE - MEC cc

Adonis Blue

Polyommatus bellargus

Family: Lycaenidae (Blue)

Habitat: Lowland calcareous grassland.

Size: Length 17 mm (0.7 in).

Food: Horseshoe Vetch (Hippocrepis comosa).

Flight: Early May to late September.

Females are chocolate brown. Both male and female have black and white borders.

Adonis Blue ♂ (Polyommatus bellargus) © Harald Süpfle cc

Chalkhill Blue

Polyommatus coridon

Family: Lycaenidae (Blue)

Habitat: Lowland calcareous grassland.

Size: Length 18 mm (0.7 in). Wingspan 33-40 mm (1.3- 1.6 in).

Food: Horseshoe Vetch (Hippocrepis comosa).

Flight: Early July to late September.

Females are dark brown. Both male and female have black and white borders.

Chalkhill Blue ♂ (Polyommatus coridon) © Gail Hampshire cc

Potter Flower-bee

Anthophora retusa

Family: Apidae (Bees)

Habitat: Coastal and sea cliffs.

Food: Kidney Vetch (A. vulneraria), Horseshoe Vetch (H. comosa), Birds-foot Trefoil (L. corniculatus).

Season: All year round.

IUCN Conservation Status: Threatened - Critically Endangered

Only exists in a few sites on England's south coast.

Potter Flower-bee (Anthophora retusa) ♂ © photo by El Chip

Horseshoe Vetch

Hippocrepis comosa

Family: Leguminosae

Habitat: Lowland calcareous grassland.

Size: Height 10 cm (4 in).

Pollinator: Insects especially bees (including Osmia xanthomelana), butterflies and moths.

Scent: Highly scented.

Flowering Period: Early May to early June.

It is the exclusive food plant of the caterpillars of the Chalkhill Blue and Adonis Blue Butterfly and a major food plant for the Dingy Skipper caterpillar.




Horseshoe Vetch (Hippocrepis comosa) © Richard Adams cc
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About

Seaford Head Local Nature Reserve, designated in 1969, now extends over 350 acres and includes several habitats.

Over 250 plant species and 220 bird species can be seen over the year. In particular you may want to look out for the silver-spotted skipper butterfly, rare insects such as the forester moth and potter flower bee and birds such as the skylark.

The nature reserve is managed by Sussex Wildlife Trust.

Access to Seaford Head Local Nature Reserve is free.


Seaford Head Local Nature Reserve consists of several designated areas - Local Nature Reserve, National Park and Site of Special Scientific Interest.


Facilities at Seaford Head Local Nature Reserve

Car Park

Charity link
http://www.sussexwildlifetrust.org.uk/

Places to visit nearby
Cuckmere Haven   0.76 miles (1.23 km)
Exceat, Seaford, East Sussex, BN25 4AR, England, UK.
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Cuckmere Haven is a rough shingle and sand beach where the river Cuckmere flows into the sea below the famous seven sisters.

Cuckmere Haven © Mal B cc

Butchershole Bottom   0.79 miles (1.27 km)
Jevington to Friston Road, Friston, Eastbourne, East Sussex, BN20 0AT, England.
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Butchershole Bottom is a large open downland area surrounded by woodland managed by Forest Enterprise.

Butchershole Bottom © Gail Hampshire cc

High and Over   1.88 miles (3.03 km)
Alfriston Road, Seaford, East Sussex, BN25 3AB, England.
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High and Over and the nearby Cradle Hill are managed by the National ...

High and Over © Gilles San Martin cc

Cuckmere Valley   2.87 miles (4.61 km)
Farrer Hall, East Dean, Eastbourne, East Sussex, BN20 0BT, England, UK.
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Cuckmere Valley is a haven for wildlife that thrive in habitats based on a chalk bedrock, including some nationally rare species such as the Chalkhill Blue butterfly.

Cuckmere Valley © MTM MVP VizitIt.com arr

Alfristron Village   3.23 miles (5.19 km)
The High Street, Alfriston, East Sussex, BN26 5TA, England, UK.
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Alfristron is one of the prettiest villages in East Sussex.

For many years, much of the population was involved in ...

Alfristron Village © MTM arr

Birling Gap   3.25 miles (5.23 km)
East Dean, Eastbourne, East Sussex, BN20 0AB, England, UK.
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Birling Gap lies between the third and fourth sister of the world famous Seven Sisters chalk cliffs along the coastline section of the South Downs Way.

Birling Gap © MTM MVP VizitIt.com arr

Alfriston Clergy House   3.26 miles (5.25 km)
The Tye, Alfriston, Polegate, East Sussex, BN26 5TL, England, UK.
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Alfriston Clergy House is a rare 14th-century Wealden hall house and was the first building to be acquired by the National Trust, in 1896 for a sum of £10.

Alfriston Clergy House © MTM MVP VizitIt.com arr

Places to stay nearby
Deans Place   3.11 miles (5.00 km)
Deans Place, Seaford Rd, Alfriston, Polegate, East Sussex, BN26 5TW, England, UK.
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Deans Place

The Star Inn   3.30 miles (5.31 km)
The Star Inn, High Street, Alfriston, Polegate, East Sussex, BN26 5TA, England, UK.
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The Star Inn is a recently refurbished historic Hotel in the heart of Alfriston - a stunning historic venue for weddings and events.

The Star Inn

Premier Inn Newhaven   4.02 miles (6.47 km)
10 Avis Rd, Newhaven, East Sussex, BN9 0PN, England, UK.
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The Premier Inn Newhaven is part of the Premier Inn group.

Premier Inn Newhaven

The Lamb Inn   5.95 miles (9.57 km)
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The Lamb Inn is a beautiful 14th century public house.

The Lamb Inn

Ocklynge Manor   6.04 miles (9.73 km)
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Ocklynge Manor sits within a 3/4 acre ancient walled garden and was once the home of Peter Pan artist Mabel Lucie Attwell.

Ocklynge Manor

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